The USS Fitzgerald and USS John S McCain.
Within two months of each other, the USS Fitzgerald and the USS John S. Mccain had collided with cargo ships. The Fitzgerald, off the southern coast of Japan, the McCain, in between the Malaysian straight.
The Fitzgerald Collision – There are two factors at faulty when considering how the Fitzgerald collided. The ‘Right of Way’ rule which indicates the Fitzgerald should have halted and let the ACX crystal pass. In response to this, there was an investigation to figure out why the Fitzgerald couldn’t detect the ACX crystal, possibly there was an error with the sensors onboard.
The McCain Collision – The primary faults were that the primary steering system had failed and that miscommunication among the crew caused a delay in the proper rate of response.
How did these Collisions happen and How can they be Avoided?
There are three cited problems for these incidents. How these can be improved is currently a problem for the U.S. Navy, and multiple investigations and reviews are being performed to remedy these problems.
Lane Crowding – Both of these collisions have cited lane crowding. While there is freedom of the seas to sail wherever you wish, there are optimal lanes for maximum fuel efficiency and speed. Both the McCain and the Fitzgerald were on the fastest and thus, the most populated lanes of travel.
Miscommunications – Both ships had fundamental communication errors. The Fitzgerald failed to communicate with the crystal or respect the right of way rules. The McCain had too many on-deck miscommunications to avoid their tragedy.
System Issues – Additionally there are suspected system issues with the ships. Between possibly broken sensors and failing steering systems, there are possibly many poorly maintained aspects of the ship at any given time.
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