With all the technological advances that have been developed well into the 21st century, further conversation needs to become held about our carbon footprint. With freight forwarding and international shipping sky-rocketing recently due to high demand, it’s important to be conscious of the world we’re going to leave behind.
The consistent emission of greenhouse gases has developed a tremendous dent into the global climate, human well-being, and marine environments. Maritime travel account for millions of tons of carbon dioxide production into the atmosphere. With biofuels combined with the current fuel intake on cargo ships, the environmental efficiency will increase tremendously.
Effects on Environment
The more we collect greenhouse gases within our environment, the more heat is trapped on Earth, which increases global warming on a constant basis. If the energy from the sun and the amount of gases remain the same, the temperature will level out. However, over millions of years, the gases have accumulated much more than intended and continue to cause the temperature to reach its highest in history.
Rising ocean temperatures and melting ice caps are all contributing to the rise in sea level which will in turn cause costal erosion, flooding, and property damage to name a few. Over the past century, sea levels rose one foot, and its predicted to rise another three feet in the coming century. Biofuels pose as a great alternative to the fossil fuels being used over many years to lessen the harmful gases become released into the atmosphere.
Although gasoline and diesel are biofuels, they are ultimately seen as fossil fuels because they become made of decomposed plants and animals that became buried in the ground for millions of years. Biofuels can be made chemically, fermentation, and breaking down starches and sugars in plants.
If cargo ships incorporated Ethanol into their gasoline, the emission of greenhouse gases would greatly reduce. Making fuel from plants allows them to suck up the carbon dioxide in the atmosphere to combat the amount that is released. Biofuels have the potential to diminish the use of fossil fuels anywhere from 10-30%.
The current biofuels are a step in the right direction, however, there may be even better solutions to contribute to a cleaner Earth. Research shows that the future of biofuels could be from grass and sapling. The only setback that needs to become resolved is if the cellulose in the cell walls of the plants can be broken down in biofuel. If that is the case, it will release less carbon dioxide than current biofuels.